A balanced diet is key to maintaining a healthy lifestyle, but what exactly does that mean? To make informed food choices and follow a diet optimised for your lifestyle, it's important to understand the different types of nutrients and their roles. Substances that the body requires for growth, energy creation and other functions are broadly classified as nutrients. These are then further divided into macronutrients and micronutrients. You might be wondering, what are macronutrients and micronutrients? To help you create a well-rounded diet tailored to your individual needs, we’ve created this guide that gives you insights on everything you need to know about macronutrients and identify what macros are in food.

What are macronutrients and micronutrients?

When it comes to human nutrition, macronutrients and micronutrients are both important. Micronutrients are nutrients that the body needs in small amounts. These include vitamins and minerals. Micronutrients help to boost the immune system, produce hormones, and support bone health, among other things. 

Macronutrients are nutrients that the body needs in large amounts to function properly. While macronutrients are essential for human health, they must be consumed in the right proportions to be effective. Too much of one macronutrient can lead to health problems, while too little of another can also have negative effects..

What are macros in food?

Generally, a healthy, balanced diet provides the body with all the necessary macronutrients, including carbohydrates, proteins, and fats.

  • Proteins

Proteins are essential nutrients for the human body. They are the building blocks for muscle, bone, skin, and other tissues. Proteins also play a vital role in metabolism, cell signalling, and the transportation of molecules throughout the body. 

Examples of macronutrients of foods high in protein include meat, poultry, fish, eggs, dairy products, legumes, and nuts. Although the body can break down and use proteins from these sources, certain amino acids (the building blocks of proteins) must be obtained through diet. For example, foods that contain the amino acid tryptophan (such as turkey) can help to promote relaxation and sleep. Therefore, proteins play an essential role in maintaining overall human health.

  • Fats

These macronutrients play several important roles in the body. They are a source of energy, help to absorb certain vitamins, and insulate the body. Fats also play a role in hormone production and cell growth. While there are different types of fats, they are generally divided into two categories: saturated and unsaturated. Saturated fats are found in animal products, such as meat, seafood and dairy. Unsaturated fats can be sourced from plant oils, olive oil, avocado oil and canola oil. Both types of fats are necessary for good health, but consuming them in moderation can help you achieve the best results. Overindulging in saturated fats can increase the risk of heart disease, while an excess of unsaturated fat can lead to weight gain.

  • Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are one of the three main macronutrients the human body needs to function correctly. They’re key to supporting several bodily processes, including energy production, cell communication, and tissue repair. They’re the primary energy source for the brain and muscles and help regulate blood sugar levels. In addition, carbohydrates play a role in synthesising important molecules like glycogen and DNA. Without adequate carbohydrate intake, the body would not be able to function properly. Macronutrients examples of carbohydrate-containing foods include fruits, vegetables, grains, and dairy products.

One of the most significant benefits of a macronutrient-dense diet is improved health. Eating the right proportions of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats helps our bodies function more efficiently. In addition to improved health, another advantage of a macronutrient-dense diet is increased energy levels. When one eats a balanced diet, the body is better able to convert food into energy. Alertness and focus are enhanced, and they have enough energy to stay active. As a result, overall productivity increases both at work and at home.

Sit down and enjoy wholesome, healthy food from Cameron's Kitchen

At Cameron's Kitchen, we understand how difficult it can be to find the time to cook fresh, healthy meals for yourself and your family. That's why we offer delicious and nutritious fresh meals to take the stress and clean up out of cooking. Whether you're looking for quick and easy weeknight dinners or nourishing lunches to take to work, we've got everything you need. Our chef-made meals are made with fresh, locally-sourced ingredients and are always free of added preservatives, saturated fats and artificial flavours.

We're the best place to start if you're looking for a hassle-free way to enjoy delicious, healthy food. Can’t wait to get started? Contact us today – we’d be more than happy to help. Alternatively, check our delivery times to see which option works best for you.